Are you aware that diabetes is the dominant precursor to impaired sight among men and women between age twenty and seventy-four? If not, you are not alone. Since 2008, over four million adults in North America afflicted with diabetes were subsequently diagnosed with blindness caused by diabetes. Out of those tested, 70,000 suffered from severe diabetic retinopathy, which can result in a serious blindness.
While not every individual is at risk of diabetic retinopathy, it is good to understand the relation between the disease and loss of sight.
To start, those living with diabetes are at risk. The best way to learn if you have diabetic retinopathy is to have your eye doctor perform an eye exam regularly. The longer the disease goes undiagnosed, the stronger the danger of diabetes related blindness. Timely treatment is necessary to halting further deterioration.
Pregnant women that have been afflicted with pregnancy-related diabetes have a better possibility of contracting diabetic retinopathy. It is important to have a complete dilated eye exam after diagnosis as well.
You may be curious as to why all the worry? Wouldn't you notice blindness?
The answer surprisingly is no. There are different forms of diabetic retinopathy, and only those in the severe stages are obvious. Progressive diabetes may have no symptoms. Macular edema is another diabetes caused disease which results in severe vision deterioration. Both afflictions can manifest without obvious symptoms. This is a reason that early discovery is central to halting any lasting injury.
A thorough assessment will check for signs of diabetic retinopathy. There are various phases to this exam which will show the standard clues, such as leaky blood vessels, swelling of the retina, the presence of fatty deposits on the retina, and damaged nerve tissue. Want to know what are the steps in a complete vision exam?
The eye doctor will perform a visual acuity exam by means of an eye chart that is used to measure how correctly you are able to see at different distances. This is just like the visual acuity examinations given by your eye doctor, if you need corrective lenses.
While giving a dilated eye exam, the eye doctor puts drops in your eyes to exaggerate your pupils. It may not be a favorite of most patients, but it can stop blindness in subsequent years. This measure makes it possible to check a larger part of the inside of your eyes to look for distinct signs that imply the likelihood of diabetic retinopathy. The fleeting discomfort will probably save your vision.
Regularly monitor your sight. Even a little hesitation can lead to irreversible loss. If you have been diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes, it is necessary to book a vision examination with an optometrist without further delay.